Makerere University Students’ One Health Innovations Club receives the 2017 One Health Day Students Team Award worth USD 2,000 for the organisation of a Rabies Vaccination and Awareness Campaign. This is the second year running Makerere University SOHIC is receiving the award.
One Health Central and Eastern Africa in Sustainability Drive to Prepare for end of EPT II Funding
One Health Central and Eastern Africa (OHCEA) country teams from the 16 OHCEA institutions and partners are in Addis Ababa – Ethiopia, developing work plans for Year 5 of the USAID-funded One Health Workforce project. The three-day meeting kicked off with a half-day morning session to discuss strategies for the sustainability of the OHCEA network without donor funding.
Makerere University Deputy Vice Chancellor (F&A) Appeals for Collaboration and Advocacy
Makerere University School of Public Health and College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity (COVAB) on 12th April, 2018, at Protea Hotel, validated a report on the weaknesses and gaps identified in the inter-sectoral teams from the Government that respond to emerging pandemic zoonoses, such as the recent Marburg Viral Fever outbreak in Kween and Kapchorwa Districts in November 2017. This study was supported by supported by funds from One Health Central and Eastern Africa (OHCEA) and the USAID One Health Workforce (OHW) Project.
Responding to zoonotic disease solely within a single discipline or sector, limits the understanding of the disease situation, results in poor decision making, inefficient coordination and unsatisfactory response to the outbreak. Inter-sectoral collaboration, (also known as the one health approach), is most desirable, and is now operational under the framework of the National One Health Platform in government sectors that primarily respond to infectious diseases. These are the Ministry of Health (MoH), Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF), Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE) and Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA). This collaborative approach will enable Uganda meet the goals as required by the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA).
The workshop was opened by the Director of Environmental Affairs from the Ministry of Water and Environment who is the current chair of the National One Health Platform and he advocated for the institutionalization of the One Health Approach, which will result in join envisioning and planning at the ministerial level. Prof. William Bazeyo who is the Deputy Vice Chancellor (DVC) Finance and Administration (F/A), Makerere University, as well as the Principal Investigator (PI) and CEO OHCEA, urged professionals from various government sectors as well as academia present collaborate with each other and take the message and concept of One Health to the grass root communities where the health challenges stem from. Examples of innovative and easily available forum to be used included social media. The Principal, COVAB who is also the Co-PI OHCEA, Prof. John David Kabasa, in his keynote address stressed that solutions to health issues are dynamic and need to cut across disciplines and educational levels. “People should be molded in One Health right from childhood to higher levels of education,”
The workshop participants included a representative of the Director of Animal Resources (MAAIF), Commissioners from MoH, MAAIF and MWE, Senior Health, Veterinary and Environment Government Officers, Consultants in Wildlife, representatives from National Curriculum Development Center, Deans and Departmental Chairs in Makerere Academia, representatives from CDC-Uganda, FAO-ECTAD-Uganda, USAID Preparedness and Response Project, PREDICT-2 and the USAID Uganda Mission. There was an informative plenary discussion confirming the gaps, weaknesses on the One Health workforce with action points suggested to improve the functioning of the inter-sectoral one health workforce in mitigating infectious health challenges. These findings will be used by the university and other partners (government inclusive) in planning and designing interventions for joint workforce development or enriching one health action plans.
The Assistant Commissioner Information and Communication, (MAAIF), Ms. Connie Acayo, concluded the workshop by reiterating the need for the application of the four “C’s” within the one health (inter-sectoral) approach-Co-operation, Co-ordination, Capacity and Containment of the emerging pandemic threats.
The validated report entitled the “Analysis of the One Health Workforce” was synthesised in close collaboration with government by reviewing several country assessments including Joint External Evaluation (JEE, June 2017) and National Action Plans. A multi-sectoral consultative meeting (22nd to 24th August 2017) utilized the OH-SMARTTM tool kit to strengthen the synthesis report from document review.
Some of the significant capacity and competency gaps revealed by our assessment of the one health workforce as they detect, prevent and respond prioritized zoonoses included: the need for workforce capacity building in management, leadership, communication strategies, risk communication, negotiation, conflict resolution, systems thinking, information technology and informatics. Other gaps pointed towards the need for capacity in disease surveillance, laboratory systems, increasing awareness for the need of one health in academic institutions and a policy framework for the operationalization of the one health approach.
Inter-disciplinary Training for Undergraduate Students- Tanzania
OHCEA Tanzania conducted a joint interdisciplinary training for undergraduate students from Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS) and Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) on ‘control of emerging pandemic threats and other zoonotic diseases’. This was a collaborative training facilitated by faculty from MUHAS and SUA. A total of 106 students from both institutions were involved in the training, including fifty seven (57) 5th year Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine students from SUA 49 second year BSc. Environmental Health students from MUHAS. Six faculty were involved with the training as instructors; four from SUA and two from MUHAS. The training was conducted at SUA campus, Morogoro.
The training aimed at introducing students to emerging pandemic threats (EPT) and other important zoonotic diseases and empower them with the principles of their prevention, control and eradication using the abattoir as a model.
Participatory approaches were used during the training process. The topics that were covered included:
- General overview of OHCEA, its genesis, scope and importance
- Overview of One Health concepts; One Health Competencies and Domains, linking with EPT and One Health Workforce (OHW) project
- PREDICT: A relevant predictive Public Health approach for EPT in Tanzania
- Zoonosis and other One Health and Public health upcoming issues like antibiotic resistance (AMR).
- General meat hygiene and quality assessment.
- Biorisk measures in selection of areas for abattoir construction.
- Abattoir lay out, management and sanitation.
- Meat animals: selection, handling and slaughter practices.
- Antemortem inspection of animals & the common diseases and postmortem meat inspection & the common pathological lesions.
- Animal byproducts from abattoir as potential sources of zoonosis to humans.
- Wastes and waste management from abattoir as a means of prevention of EPT, zoonosis and other emerging pollutants (antibiotic residues and natural hormones) from abattoir; (xii) Occupational diseases and injuries: Hospital model and Food industry (abattoir) mode
For each of the covered theoretical topics, students participated in practical sessions which included a visit to the abattoir; focusing on the abattoir layout, facilities available and ante-mortem animal examination, meat inspection & transportation of meat to meat shops (butchers), waste management and sanitation, assessment of condemned organs.
The five days training enhanced interactions between veterinary students from SUA and their counterpart BSc. Environmental Health students from MUHAS. Apart from the theoretical training in classes, practical training at the abattoir; students had opportunities to participate in sporting activities during some evenings.
Majority of the students said that the training was relevant to their career; there was a lot of new information and learning provided; useful materials and knowledge gained; the training expanded their understanding of One Health; the training met the intended objectives as were stated in the program; the training met the expectations of students and all of them promised to make use of the materials and knowledge gained in their professional career.
Additionally, students said that the interaction enabled them make new friends across the two universities.
Tanzania conducts One Health In-Service Leadership Training
OHCEA Tanzania conducted a One Health in-service leadership training with the main objective of training 23 in-service health professionals with introductory One Health leadership skills and competencies and to establish and strengthen a progressive One Health leadership development programme for the OHCEA network within the country. The training also aimed to develop and build leadership mentorship skills and experience towards establishment of an active mentoring network in the target districts of Kilolo, Mbarali, Njombe and Iringa. The training also aimed at addressing barriers to the One Health approach through developing experience and competency in communication, collaboration and leadership.
This is the third in-service course on One Health leadership training among leaders in Tanzania. It was conducted for five days, 11th -15th May 2016. Twenty in-service leaders were trained with the primary aim of increasing the level of advocacy on One Health leadership, increasing the networking capacity and increase their involvement in inter-sectoral, inter-disciplinary One Health teams. The training took place at the Giraffe Oceanic View Hotel conference facility;-Dar es salaam, Tanzania.
The School of Public Health and Social Sciences of Muhimbili University of Health and Social Sciences (MUHAS) in collaboration with Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), Disaster Management Department of the Prime Minister’s Office and the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Emergency Preparedness and Response Unit organized the workshop under OHCEA management.
A total of twenty three in-service district workers were trained on One Health leadership, and they included District Medical Officers, Veterinary Officers, District Planning Officer, District Education Officers and District Health Officer from the four selected districts. The diverse backgrounds of participants provided an opportunity for sharing of experiences both among participants, as well as between participants and facilitators.
The training emphasized key One Health leaders’ competence areas- visionary & strategic, communication, team building and change management.
Based on the evaluation done during the course, it has been noted that the level of advocacy of the participants as individuals and in teams has increased. Furthermore, their networking capacity has been improved. It is expected that following the interactions and linkages established during the training, participants will increasingly get involved in inter-sectoral as well as inter-disciplinary One Health teams. Continuous monitoring and evaluation will be done by facilitators assisted by the Country Coordinating Committee based on the documented way forward in the respective districts and key ministries as well as the collaborating universities.
Working in district groups, participants- guided by facilitators- identified three main problems whose intervention requires a One Health approach. These are Rabies, Environmental sanitation and Solid waste management.
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