One Health capacity building in sub-Saharan Africa

Innocent B. Rwego, BVM, MSc, PhD,1,7,* Olutayo Olajide Babalobi, DVM, MPVM, PhD,2 Protus Musotsi, BSc,3 Serge Nzietchueng, DVM, MSc,1,4 Christian Keambo Tiambo, BSc, PhD,5,6 John David Kabasa, BVM, MSc, PhD,7 Irene Naigaga, BVM, MSc, PhD,8 Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, BVetMed, MRCVS,9 and Katherine Pelican, DVM, PhD1

Africa of late has been faced with challenges that require a multidisciplinary and multisectoral approach to address them, and academic and non-academic institutions have played a key role in training and conducting research that would promote the One Health approach.
The objective of this review was to document networks and organizations conducting One Health training, research, and outreach in Africa, as one of a series of articles around the world.
Data for this review were collected from organizations through key contacts of the authors and their knowledge of networks they have worked with. Web searches were conducted using One Health, training, and research as key words for work done in Africa.
Africa has major networks involved in One Health training, research, and outreach, with participation of both academic and non-academic institutions. This review highlights an effort in Africa to form networks to conduct multidisciplinary training and research. The main networks include Afrique One, Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance (SACIDS), and One Health Central and Eastern Africa (OHCEA).
Both academic and non-academic institutions and organizations have shown an interest to conduct multidisciplinary training and research in Africa for managing challenges that Africa is facing currently, especially the outbreak of infectious diseases.
The full text article available here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5131459/ 

One Health Central and Eastern Africa: Historical and Future Perspectives

One Health Central and Eastern Africa (OHCEA) is a network of schools of public health and veterinary higher education institutions that are located in countries of the Eastern and Central Africa region, a region that includes the Congo Basin commonly considered to be one of the ‘hot spots’ for emerging and reemerging infectious diseases. The vision of the OHCEA network is to be a global leader in One Health, promoting sustainable health for prosperous communities, productive animals, and balanced ecosystems.
• Hot spots;
• One Health Central and Eastern Africa (OHCEA);
• United States Agency for International Development (USAID);
• World Health Organization (WHO);
• Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO);
• World Organization for Animal Health (OIE);
• One Health, Emerging Pandemic Threats

See details about the publication: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128036785005129

Seroprevalence of Coxiella burnetii in sheep, goats and impalas at the Amboseli Park corridor, Kenya Bilha Njeri Nguro, George Karuoya Gitau & Andrew Gitau Thaiyah Department of Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, Kenya.

Coxiella burnetii is an obligate intracellular bacterium that is the causative agent of Q fever, an important zoonotic. Domestic ruminants, mainly goats and sheep, are the main source of Q fever outbreaks in humans. Very scant information is available on the role and status of Q fever in wildlife in Kenya. This seroepidemiological survey was conducted to investigate the seroprevalence and associated factors of coxiellosis in sheep, goats and impalas at the Amboseli National Park wildlife-livestock corridor in Kenya. 5 ml whole blood was collected through jugular venepuncture from 300 sheep, 200 goats and 20 impalas. Sera were then collected and tested for antibodies against Coxiella burnetii using ELISA CHEKIT Q fever test kit. The seroprevalence at 95% confidence interval in sheep was 6% (2.7%, 9.3%), 21.7% (17%, 26.4%) in goats and 25% (6%, 44%) in impalas. The study also concluded that species and sex were significant risk factors. A semi-structured questionnaire was also administered in all the households to gather general household data and assess pastoralist knowledge on Q fever, none of the respondents had ever heard of the disease. These findings demonstrate that Q fever could be circulating among the wildlife, livestock and humans in the study area and further investigation is required. http://ijirk.com/archive_v2i10_paper_pdf/IJIRK-2.10.03.pdf

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